Viktor Gruen

The Third Place: The Shopping Mall and American Suburbia

The rise of American Suburbia after 1945 saw a significant number of Americans moving away from the cities and into emerging communities of single-family homes. The automobile allowed millions to live in American Suburbia, commute to their workspaces in the… Read More ›

Third Place Insignia

For this Post, I will be presenting the Third Place Insignia and provide further elaboration on it. The Third Place Insignia is a Coat of Arms featuring as four symbols: The hand gesture is called the “Schwurhand” from the German-speaking… Read More ›