The rate at which any given profession or economic sector is capable of generating Arbeit is governed by three specific factors. Those are the Work-Intensity (WI), the Work-Productivity (WP) and the Force Multipliers (FM). As with the balance between Arbeit and Geld on the financial side, the Work-Standard also has the balance Work-Intensity and Work-Productivity on the economic side. And just as Zeit is used as the tertiary unit of measurement to study the relationship between Arbeit and Geld, the existence of FMs become the means by which to alter the balance between WI and WP.
Work-Intensity governs the complexity and difficulty in carrying out the basic Duties of a given profession or the Obligations of its affiliated economic sector. The greater the WI is within a specific amount of Zeit, the less Arbeit will be contributed to the Life-Energy Reserve. This is due to a high Work-Intensity causing the corresponding Work-Productivity to be lower.
It is because of WI, that WP is what affects whether a certain profession will yield more Arbeit or less Arbeit. The higher the WP is for professions and sectors within a specific amount of Zeit, the more Arbeit they will be able to contribute to the Life-Energy Reserve. Having a high WP implies that the corresponding WI has to be low enough to allow more Arbeit.
Unfortunately, not all professions and economic sectors are able to yield the same amount of Arbeit at the same amount of Zeit under a given work week. Some may have a low WI and also equally low WP and others could have high WI and high WP that prevent certain sectors from achieving their fullest potential. There will be those that are capable to having high WP and low WI without the need for any Force Multipliers. And there will be those that struggle with high WI and low WP, requiring Force Multipliers to bring the WI down to more governable levels.
Force Multipliers are anything that is capable of altering the balance between WI and WP and in turn the ability of any individual profession or sector to contribute more or less Arbeit to the Life-Energy Reserve. An example of FM can be the Central Bank’s Mechanization Rate, which affects the dependency on technologies capable of boosting WP. Another could be educational and professional-related prerequisites, the overall experience and talents, motivation, leadership, initiative, resolve, and other virtuous character traits. Others can be social policies, trading policies where the Arbeit of foreigners is involved, labor policies like the mandatory working hours, and the use of NSFIs (National Socialized Financial Instruments) as a form of economic planning. All of these should not be considered as the only known examples and being aware of any latent potential in altering the balance between WI and WP is decisive on the economic side.
Note that special equations will be used under the Work-Standard to gauge the overall rates at which the national economy is able to determine the Arbeit generated based on the balance between WI and WP. Since they are beyond the focus of this entry in the SMP Compendium, they will be discussed in their own respective entries.