This SMP Compendium entry covers the concept of issuances of commands as Direct Orders under Liberal Capitalism and Socialism, including how their opposing economic lives impact the political and social lives of any nation. The topic to be addressed are the Constitution, Legal Code, and the functions of government, the capital and major cities within the nation. Since the rest of humanity is so thoroughly Westernized at this point in world history, what will be covered here should be familiar to the daily life of the reader. Everything discussed here is mostly Western in origin due to the centuries-long Westernization of the rest of the world by the Europeans and eventually the Americans. Most of their efforts were not entirely economic or even political; they are often technological as in smartphones and Internet and they can be scientific in nature like how most of humanity relies on the Metric System and Decimalization, two Western measurement systems, for making any measurements. Others will appear within the legal jurisprudence as a reflection of a non-Western country’s colonial past.
The first visible signs of any Civilization, be it Western Civilization or another Civilization, is to pack one’s luggage and visit its cities. Every nation-state in the early 21st century has most of its population living in the capital, major cities or at least the rural towns surrounding them along major highway roads and rail lines. In the English-speaking world, rural and urban areas are connected by the presence of suburban locales. In the German-speaking world, however, the concept of suburbia does not exactly exist as in English, allowing for a demarcation between the cities and the surrounding countryside. But for the Western world as a whole, the changeover from Western Culture to Western Civilization has witnessed the centuries-long development of towns into cities, cities into metropolises, metropolises into world-cities.
It is to be expected that vast swathes of the countryside will look increasingly depopulated under Liberal Capitalism. This has resulted in entire towns being abandoned as young people search for Meaningless Work and earn Kapital in the cities. An overcrowding of the cities is to be expected. Granted, while a similar process can occur under Socialism, that will depend on the extent of Liberal Capitalist ideology’s influence on the national economy as in the case of the PRC. A Planned or Command Economy, if it is not yet industrialized, may require the creation of new cities overnight to facilitate manufactories. Since much of the Western world is already industrialized, and in spite of deindustrialization, there may be fewer chances for a depopulation of the countryside to occur outside of a breakdown in the Total Mobilization of Production.
This specific development in world history is a distinctly Western phenomenon, introduced to the rest of humanity by the old European colonial empires of the 19th and 20th centuries. One can encounter elements of the phenomenon within the centers of major cities, where it is commonplace to find high-rise skyscrapers dotting the skylines and tall towers broadcasting radio, television, telephone, Internet and WIFI. Automobiles navigate the streets, the sidewalks clogged with countless scores of pedestrians crossing those same streets. What is concerning about the latest phases of this development has been the concentration of economic power in the nation’s capital. It is noticeable in places like Washington DC, London, Paris, Brussels, Berlin, Rome, Madrid, Seoul, and Tokyo. Sometimes, one may find the other cities to be de-industrialized and the countryside becoming gradually depopulated, and the towns eventually abandoned. The trend is correlated to the extent of Financialization under the Liberal Capitalist Financial Regimes of those nations, where the proliferation of Kapital is closely tied to the rising amounts of Sovereign Schuld.
It is in the national capital of those regimes that Kapital tends to become more entrenched due to the presence of their central banks. These central banks are also well-known for their constant interactions with the financial markets within major centers of Western finance such as New York or Frankfurt. And while the center of political power is also concentrated at the national capital, the real centers of economic power are dispersed across other major cities, which can be helpful in discerning the extent of deindustrialization in any nation-state. Do note that certain cities like St. Petersburg and Moscow, Beijing and Shanghai, Hong Kong, Macau, or Singapore are not being covered here. St. Petersburg, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Macau, and Singapore are all cities historically known for allowing the Westernization of the lands beyond the Western world itself.
The manner of this kind of political-economic-financial-social organization does pose major implications for Socialism and the Work-Standard in particular. Is it possible to envisage the center of political power remaining at the national capital and the centers of financial and economic power to be dispersed across different cities? That the Central Bank of the Socialist nation-state stays in the national capital, but the Kontore and the State Commissariats are evenly dispersed across different regions of the country? And that the same can also be said for various industries, the inspectors of national economy, the economic planners and their accountants as part of MTEP (Mission-Type Economic Planning), provided there are reliable transportation systems and secure, encrypted communications? If those questions are all true, then the Socialist nation-state is more able to minimize the damage inflicted on its cities in wartime from enemy aerial bombings and cyberattacks as well as reduce traffic congestion, overcrowding and urban sprawl in peacetime. That will save the Socialist nation-state precious Geld in upkeep costs, save lives, and allow everyone else to receive a higher Paygrade and not deal with associated Taxes and toll roads.
More importantly, a distinct manner of administrative organization can come into being because of the Work-Standard peculiar issuance of Direct Orders under the Intents of Command and Obedience. A “Direct Order” under the Work-Standard ranges from political and legal to economic and financial. Politically, it can be the issuance of Directives from the Head of State or potential laws passed by the State Council and signed into effect by the Head of State. Legally, those are the Constitution of Intents and Obligations and the Legal Code of Duties and Rights. While the latter ties in with economic way of living, the financial equivalent are often in the forms of NSFIs.
Direct Orders may affect the Totality, the Church, the State, the Class/Estate, or the Individual/Self. The “Totality” refers to the entire nation, the Church refers to all religious groups or a specific denomination, the State refers to the government and the economy, the Class/Estate refers to a segment of the population, and the Individual/Self in their interactions with the Totality. Further distinctions emerge whenever somebody raises the question of their lawfulness or their unlawfulness. Some laws are necessary such as legislation mandating all motorists to wear seatbelts and not exceeding the speed limit while driving. And there are other laws which are unnecessary by operating according to the freedom-security dialectic of Liberal Capitalism.
There are certain laws among the States of the American Union that are as absurd as they were also arbitrarily passed as part of a Parliamentary Democracy. Any law passed arbitrarily will find immense difficulty justifying its own existence under Council Democracy. Council Democracy will have an easier time judging the merits of whether a certain law should continue existing, depending on how well educated the Totality is on why any law is supposed to exist. This can be done as early as someone’s teenage years as part of their school life within the educational system. It is up to the State to help the Totality and teachers and the parents of those teenagers to ensure they will be raised into upstanding, law-abiding adults in the state of Total Mobilization.
In the previous century, it has often been asked among economists as to whether the Market/Mixed Economy or the Planned/Command Economy represent more natural and organic models of economic life than the other or vice versa. Arguments and counterarguments were made on the basis of ideas from the 19th century. Today in the 21st century, people are beginning to know better. The Market/Mixed Economy remains more fixated on whether there can be any market for Nature itself, even in the midst of environmental degradation, resource depletion, and Climate Change. Meanwhile, the Planned/Command Economy is now being asked on whether the power over Nature itself comes with its own set of Command Responsibilities. Just as “Command Responsibility” entails superiors being held criminally liable for illegal acts committed by their subordinates in wartime, the same has yet to be ascertained within peacetime contexts.
The next four SMP Compendium entries will cover those implications by focusing on the legal system and the educational system. Even Socialist nations have their judiciaries and not every act decided by the courts is going to be too politically motivated, outside of some high-profile cases. The need to educate and instill within the youth the traditions, cultures, social customs and norms, and love of their nation are all Socialistic values unfortunately absent under Liberal Capitalism. If the State under Socialism had found difficulties previously, the State will find an easier time upholding its “State Obligations to the Youth” with the Work-Standard.