In the last Conservative Socialism-related Blog post, I stated that there was a dialectic inherent within the very debate over “Reform vs. Revolution” by most Socialists and Communists. My position remains constant: any serious adoption of Socialism must occur through Revolutionization by the State and the Totality. Revolution serves as the means by which there exists an interaction between humanity and its technologies. Even the specific language chosen to describe the Totality and the State in both Editions of The Work-Standard points toward this particular conclusion. The State, like the Self or the “Individual,” is also a part of the Totality insofar as the Totality is a whole far greater than the sum of its parts. It was here that the “Reform vs. Revolution Dialectic” gives way to another dialectic, the “Realm vs. Empire Dialectic,” with the most obvious manifestations being America and Germany. It was precisely in the Realm vs. Empire Dialectic that the Socialist Nation of The Work-Standard and the “Westphalian Nation-State” of Political Science and International Relations become not only irreconcilable, but also distinguishable enough to indicate both polities operate differently from each other.
The Westphalian Nation-State is defined by a Parliamentarian State of Natural Rights, Production for Profit/Utility, Citizenship defined by Jus Sanguinis (Blood & Wealth) and Jus Soli (Blood & Soil), absence of external forces not beholden to the Westphalian Nation-State, and the “Society” as disparate polities bound by a Social Contract. There is no distinction between the Realm and the Empire within the Westphalian Nation-State, explaining why the Europeans had once act as Nation-States with Empires, the latter of which eventually collapsed in the Old 20th Century.
The Socialist Nation differs by having a Councilor State of Total Mobilization, Production for Dasein, Citizenship defined by Achievement Rank, accommodations for the presences of external forces through a distinct non-Westphalian conception of Sovereignty related to “Productive Property” and “Personal Property,” as well as the Totality existing as a national polity bound by a shared National Essence. Unlike the Westphalian Nation-State, the Socialist Nation is capable of distinguishing itself as a Realm distinct from any conception of Empire.
One important distinguishable characteristic of the Socialist Nation pertains to the recent appearance of a digital realm itself. The Socialist Nation, it should be recalled from The Work-Standard, maintains its own National Intranet connected to an International Internet. This National Intranet serves as an extension of the existing national polity. If the circumstances warrant its necessity, the Socialist Nation is capable of disconnecting itself from the International Internet. The Westphalian Nation-State by contrast is currently struggling to contend with the role of digital technologies within everyday life. It has gotten to the point where privatized commercial firms situated in Silicon Valley wield the power to operate as their own states, given the widespread prevalence of social media on the World Wide Web (WWW). Another distinction that the Socialist Nation has (and what the Westphalian Nation-State also lacks) is the ability to exist without Kapital and Schuld vis-à-vis the Work-Standard. Due to its relationship to the Liberal Capitalist concept of “Commodity,” Kapital is able to have no national characteristics and no loyalties to the issuing Westphalian Nation-State under the Fractional-Reserve Banking System.
It is inevitable to perceive the concepts of the Realm and the Empire as both being multiethnic, multicultural and multidenominational. What distinguishes those two polities, what binds the American Union to the German Reich, is the question of whether the polity itself was created voluntarily or involuntarily. Empires throughout World History have been the products of Imperialism. Its “Colonies” are created through wars of conquest as territories situated beyond the original geographical borders of the Realm or the Nation-State. The Old 20th Century witnessed an entirely different conception of Empire where there are no Colonies but there exists an illusory semblance of Sovereignty, Autonomy and Self-Governance. This is of course the Democratic-Republican Party’s Empire of Liberty–the “Liberal International Economic Order” (LIEO), including its defiance of the conventional definitions on what constitutes as an Empire. Even though I described what distinguishes the Empire of Liberty from past conceptions of Empire, I am left with the impression that most people, Americans and non-Americans alike, are still struggling to figure out which part of America is the Realm and which part is the Empire.
Realms, however, tend to be Unitary States, Federations, or Confederations. These United States and the German Reich being squarely between Unitary States and Confederations, whereas the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic are Unitary States. But in a world where most Nations have “democracies” and “republics” under their legal names, Political Science terms like “Unitary States,” “Federations” and “Confederations” are quite vague.
When I scrutinize the word “Federation,” I am essentially trying to ascertain whether this term refers to a Federal Union of the States or a Federal State of the Union. Given those two terms, it can be argued by process of elimination that the Federalist American Union is a Federal Union of States, while the German Reich is a Federal State of the Union. But therein lies the same great ontological question confronting Hamiltonian Federalist Socialism for the former and Pan-Germanic Socialism for the latter. Just imagine for a moment the possibility of an America existing without the Empire of Liberty and a Germany existing without the European Union/North Atlantic Treaty Organization (EU/NATO). What forms shall America and Germany assume in a world where Liberal Capitalism ceases to define the Western world?
This important question deserves a proper solution at a time when rhetoric about a “new civil war” or a “balkanization” of the US is no longer a fringe topic in everyday American political-economic discourse. All kinds of people within my own discipline have presented an array of theoretical models to figure out the conditions by which the Union collapses, in addition to the atrocious drawings of the borders among these “new Westphalian Nation-States.” The proposed number of how many Westphalian Nation-States should be included into this analysis is just as ridiculous. Seriously, a simple Internet search will lead any curious onlooker toward the whole flurry of these worthless maps!
What is really taking place behind all the rhetoric and the corny redrawing will always be discussed on The Fourth Estate as an American Kleinstaaterei (Political Fragmentation). Despite its stressors being related to the Death of Bretton Woods and the Democratic-Republican Party, the American Kleinstaaterei has its constitutional precedent by dint of the fact that certain aspects of the US political system have its origins in the German Reich. There is a very sound reason as to why Pan-Germanic Socialism continues to be cited by me as the instructive historical lesson into understanding these United States as an ignored, overlooked and forgotten perspective.
In the German-speaking world, no German can completely become “German” in the same sense that the Czech could define themselves as “Czech” or the Frenchman can define themselves as “French.” Even after the German Reunification, they consider themselves as a “West German” (Wessi) or an “East German” (Ossi), neither of whom are truly German in the depths of their hearts. Go back a century earlier and they considered themselves as “Prussian” or “Austrian.” Even further back, before America declared its independence from the British Empire, it was over “Catholics” and “Protestants.” In the German Essence, I see three states, two theologies, and one nation: Prussia, Austria and Germania (Holy Roman Empire); Catholicism and Lutheranism; and the German Reich itself.
Something similar was also occurring throughout US History because no American can completely become “American” in the same sense that a Spaniard could define themselves as “Spanish” or an Hungarian could define themselves as “Hungarian.” Even after the Great Divergence, we still consider ourselves as “Democrats” (Madisonian Faction) or “Republicans” (Monroean Faction), neither of whom are truly American in the depths of their hearts. Go back a century earlier, when Prussia and Austria were fighting over which of them would reestablish the German Reich, we Americans identified ourselves as “Northerners” or “Southerners,” with California and Texas being the direct byproducts of that legacy and the Confederates being the absolute negation of the American Essence altogether because their descendants are now living in Brazil. Even before the Civil War, when Americans were not divided over Slavery, it was over “Catholics” and “Protestants.” In the American Essence, the Thirteen Colonies had three states, two ideologies, and one nation: Massachusetts (New England), Pennsylvania (Middle Colonies) and Virginia (Southern Colonies); Federalism and Anti-Federalism; and the American Union itself.
In the American Union and the German Reich, there is the opportunity for Americans and Germans alike to realize a “Revolutionary Realm” where they each have the unique choice of defining themselves as a Federal Union of the States or a Federal State of the Union. Here, we can finally begin to entertain notions of abandoning the Westphalian Nation-State System and adopt something more compatible with the Socialist world order.
Let those choices stand as they are. I will eventually discuss them in greater detail in the next Conservative Socialism-related post.